Collectively known as “services”, the planning of electrical, plumbing, gas and lighting systems is crucial to successful kitchen design. Relocation of services can be expensive, so bear this in mind and consider all options during the design stage.
Electricity will be required for all major appliances in the kitchen as well as lighting (including feature lighting) and general-purpose outlets(GPOs). The cooktop, oven, dishwasher, instantaneous hot and chilled water system and some refrigerators require a dedicated GPO and may also need their own circuit.
The location of the refrigerator, coffee machine, microwave, oven/s and the range hood generally dictate that they will have a dedicated GPO. Allowance should be made if power is required to a freestanding unit such as an island bench. Also, consider the lighting and power that may be required inside pantries, cupboards etc.
- For sinks up to 45-litre capacity, do not install power outlets:
- within 150mm horizontally of the sink (including adjacent walls, carcasses and the floor)
- Within 400mm above the sink.
- For sinks exceeding 45-litre capacity (typically a laundry tub), do not install power outlets:
- within 500mm horizontally of the sink (including adjacent walls, carcasses and the floor)
- Within 1000mm vertically above the sink.
Plumbing will be required for:
- Filtered water units
- Boiling water units
- Built-in coffee machines
- Waste disposal units
- Refrigerators (where the unit features a water/ice dispenser).
Consideration must be given if plumbing is required to a freestanding unit such as an island bench.
Gas supply lines may be required for:
- Cook tops
- Instantaneous gas hot water systems
- Built-in wok burners