Kitchen doors come in a range of materials and designs. The following are the common types used in today’s kitchens.
There are two types of laminate, high-pressure (HPL) and low-pressure melamine (LPM).
Laminates are produced under high heat and pressure. A formaldehyde-based, resin-impregnated paper is laid over coloured paper that, in turn, is laid onto other base papers called craft paper; this is also impregnated with resin. These are then pressed under high heat and pressure to produce a very hard, plastic-like sheet Laminates are available in a large variety of colours, finishes and wood grains as well as “printed to order”. Laminate is an excellent product to use in horizontal applications (for example, bench tops and tables) and can also be used in a vertical application to create a design feature. Laminate is a durable material with consistent colour and finish and is highly resistant to knocks and scratches. Laminates are applied to 32mm highly moisture-resistant (HMR) aqua board and can have a number of edging options. Front edge scan be square, or 90- or 180-degree post-formed or square formed. You can even incorporate timber or Corian edge. A kitchen with curves would require a square, solid timber or solid surface edge to the laminate.
Laminate can be used as a splash back but not behind a cook top, as it does not meet the requirement for heat resistance.
Low-pressure melamine (LPM) faced board is produced when papers impregnated with a melamine-based thermosetting resin are pressed using low heat and low pressure to a substrate(particleboard and either moisture resistant or non-moisture-resistant MDF), causing the melamine to flow onto the board surface and give it a hard, plastic finish. The melamine finis his applied to both sides of the board to create a “balanced” board. Cupboard doors, side panels and drawer fronts are usually constructed from LPM board. LPM board does not have the impact resistance of laminate and should not be used in areas of high use, but it does have the highest wear resistance of prefinished board. As a rule of thumb, use LPM board in vertical applications and for internal shelves of cabinets.
Melamine Doors (Decorative Board)
Colour, texture and pattern can be incorporated into any kitchen design using one of the many decorative boards available by our suppliers. Using melamine doors in the correct application can create an area of visual excitement and interest e.g. the back of an open shelf, breakfast bar or a pantry door. Melamine boards can only have flat doors and no kind of designs or patterns are routed in the door.
Basic board edging
Vinyl Wrap Doors
Vinyl wrap is produced by the adherence of a high-strength foil membrane to the surface of the door, by a process of high temperature and vacuum pressure. The vacuum-formed finish provides a complete seal – this means that the doors are very hard Wearing and easy to maintain. We have a wide range of colours and finishes from which to choose. Texture, wood grain, matt, gloss and printed are some of the finishes available. The colour range is large and there is a good selection of whites. Vinyl-wrap doors and drawers are not only used in the kitchen but also great for vanities, wardrobes and offices. Vinyl wrapped doors are cut, routed, profiled, sanded, then glued and covered with a vinyl film that is pressed to the door under vacuum. It can easily have patterns and designs in the doors.
Timber and Timber Veneer Doors
As timber is a natural material, the actual finished colour and texture may vary from the sample. Furthermore, timber is porous and may expand and contract at varying rates due to moisture and other fluctuations in the home environment.
Solid timber is often used as edging for timber-veneered board. The advantage of using a solid timber edge is that it can be machined into special edge profiles. Solid timber doors have a solid frame and a floating panel (to allow the timber to move). This panel can be raised flat or arched, while the centre panel is often made from veneered board. Timber veneer is a slice of timber (approximately 0.6mm) that is bonded to a substrate of particleboard or MDF. Timber veneer may be made from real timber or reconstituted timber veneer. Reconstituted veneers are made from fast-growing plantation poplar that has been rotary sliced, coloured, glued together and reformed in to a solid block. This is then re-sliced into patterns of real timbers or computerised patterns.
Timber veneer has most of the visual features of solid timber, but using veneer makes achieving the look of expensive timber species more affordable. Doors are cut to size from this board and the edges are finished in timber veneer. Natural solid timber and timber veneer have unique looks of their own. The subtle grain and colour changes create a special warmth and ambience that is difficult to replicate using other materials. You can choose from a variety of timbers with a depth of colour and texture to suit.
Two-pack Paint Doors (Polyurethane paint)
Two-pack polyurethane is a very hard paint finish that is applied to MDF and used for cabinet doors, drawers and panels. It is consistent in colour and finish and is impact resistant. It is an excellent choice of finish where an intricate pattern or edge detail is required, as the MDF can be machined and then the paint finish applied.
The doors are professionally finished in a polyurethane coating and you have the choice of many different colours and finishes to match or contrast with other parts of the kitchen. These include aged, sponged or distressed finish or simply a plain colour in any of the three different finishes: textured, satin or gloss.
Two-pack painted door can be routed to have any kind of patterns or designs in the door as well as can just be a flat door.
Aluminium and Brushed Stainless Framed Door
Aluminium-framed doors have been very popular; they create an elegant focal point to complement modern kitchens. They are available in a variety of sizes, frame styles and glass options such as Starphire white glass, clear glass, mirror glass and frosted glass. The brushed stainless finish is similar in colour to stainless-steel appliances gives a consistent look when creating your kitchen design.