Fittings & Fixtures

Finish in bathrooms should be easy to clean, hard to wear-tear and easy to maintain. It’s always a good idea to consult a manufacturer during planning process about the exact size, clearance, services and support required for selected fitting and fixtures.

Water-using Fixtures
The supply of water-using products including toilets, showers and other tapware is governed by a federal government initiative, the Water Efficiency Labelling Scheme (WELS). Water-using appliances and fixtures must be registered and labelled in accordance with the WELS standard and be branded in accordance with AS3500.
Prefabricated shower bases can be made from acrylic, porcelain-on-steel trays or synthetic marble bases. The junctions need to be waterproofed.

A situ shower area may be formed on either compressed cement sheeting or concrete floors. Such shower areas may be sunken, hobbed or hobless and all must be waterproofed. Situ shower areas may be finished with high-quality concrete or tiled.

Baths & Spas
Baths and spas are available in many different shapes, sizes and materials. The options are endless with more and more style coming up every day. The best is to contact the manufacturer who can guide on features and functions of each of them.
Shower-over-baths are used when there is limited space and client wants both shower and bath there. It is becoming a less popular option nowadays.
Toilets, Cisterns, Urinals, Bidets & Bidettes
The toilet pan, bidet/bidette, cistern and toilet seats are typically manufactured from:

  • Vitreous china
  • Stainless steel
  • Plastic (cistern and toilet seats only)
  • Timber (toilet seats only)

Toilet pans are available in a number of designs:

  • Basic back-entry pan
  • Wall-hung pan
  • Box-rim pan
  • Side-trap pan
  • Pans for small children
Basins may be made from:

  • Cast iron with a vietrous enamelled coating
  • Pressed steel with a vitreous enamelled coating
  • Vitreous china
  • Glass
  • Polished natural stone
  • Stainless steel
  • Plastics or composite materials

As with baths and toilets, there are a huge range of basins on the market to suit almost every application. It is also possible to fabricate the basin as part of the benchtop with some materials. There is no standard size or shape for basins and they are often chosen within the same manufacturer’s range as the bathtub or toilet suite.

Type of basins are:

  • Under-mount basin
  • Wall basin
  • Self-rimming basin
  • Semi recessed basin
  • Top or surface mounted
  • Integrated
  • Pedestal or shroud attachment
Tap ware
The placement of water outlets may restrict the placement of electrical services in the bathroom and consideration of these restrictions needs to be decided in the early stages of planning and design. A different layout may be needed to provide a compromise and the best outcome.

Special consideration must be made for gravity fed water supplies where ‘O’ rated mixes need to be used.

Taps, spouts and shower roses may be:

  • Metal (solid brass, powder-coated brass, chrome plated brass or gold coated brass)
  • Plastic
  • Vitreous china
  • A combination of the above

The two basic types of taps are spindle and handle and lever mixers. There are a variety of styles:

  • Mixing taps
  • Lever taps
  • Time/flow taps
  • Sensor taps
  • Mixing tap mechanical (non-thermostatic)
Floor Waste
Floor waste is normally located within the shower floor area but they may also be installed within main floor areas of the bathroom, toilet, Laundry or ensuite. The current BCA documentation for a class 1 building requires that a floor waste be installed in a shower area. However there are no mandatory requirements for the installation of floor wastes in the other main wet area floors of a class 1 building.
A fall to the floor waste is required and the floor wastes must be installed in accordance with the BCA details.
Vanity Cabinets
The vanity cabinet is part of grooming centre and may have more than one basin. As a guide the basin height above finished floor level typically range from 750mm to 900mm. As well as providing much needed storage area. You can even use vanity area for showpiece.
Bathroom accessories are available in a range of finishes to match almost any décor. They are important part of the projects and must be planned for to complete the design and functionality.
Mirrors nowadays are not just used for grooming aid but also to change the look of the room. Floor to ceiling mirror adds the illusion of height. A mirror can also be positioned to reflect private garden and bring outside in.
Towel Rails
Towel rails can be manufactured from metal, timber or plastics. They are available in single, double or ladder rails. Towel rails are usually mounted but can be free standing if wall space is not available, or placed on the back of hinged doors.
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